What are Spirit Houses in Thailand ?

Take a stroll around the city of Bangkok and you are sure to come across a few spirit houses. These tall, slender wooden structures are set in prominent places outside every house and building. They come in a wide range of sizes and all the colours of the rainbow and pose an intriguing mystery to Westerners, making them one of the most interesting unofficial attractions in Thailand.

Spirit houses vaguely resemble bird houses, which can be found in many gardens in Western countries. However, rather than attracting birds, these houses are intended to serve as resting places for the spirits.

Spirit houses are built for two purposes: to attract the spirits from the heavens and as alternative accommodation for the spirits that live in the homes of humans. It is believed that if the spirits are treated with respect they have the power to grant wishes, protect people and bring them good health and luck.

If, however, the spirits feel as though they have been mistreated or disrespected, they can cause businesses to fail, loss of fortune and health. For this reason, the spirits must be informed when an important venture – such as a new business or marriage – is planned.

The spirits that reside in spirit houses are known as Phra Bhum Jowthee, or Guardian Spirits of the Land. There are nine different types of Phra Bhum Jowthee, each performing different functions and bestowing various blessings. When selecting their spirit house, Thai people are careful to decorate and adorn it with objects that will appeal to a specific type of spirit.

The main types of spirits that are revered are The Guardian of the House and The Guardian of the Gardens. In fact, these are the only types of spirits that have permanent spirit houses built for them, although temporary spirit houses may be built for other spirits on special occasions.

The main role of The Guardian of the House is to watch over and protect the home. Without exception, every spirit house in modern Thai society has a spirit house for this function and the spirit is also expected to provide financial security and help in business matters.

Many households will also have a second spirit house to accommodate The Guardian of the Gardens, which watches over the garden and areas of natural beauty. The spirit houses are particularly prominent in public parks and gardens.

Paying respect to the spirit house is a matter of instinct and ritual. People always wait to pay respect to their spirit house when they leave and when they return at the end of the day. They will also pay respect to the spirit house at the work and can be seen waiing to large, prominent spirit houses they pass on the street.

When a new house or other building is constructed, a spirit house will be specially constructed. There are many rules regarding the selection and placing of the spirit house. For example, the spirit house should not stand in the shade of another building and should preferably be located next to a tree. The colours of the spirit house are specially selected to match the birthday colour of the owner of the property. The birthday colour relates to the day of the week when the person was born.

Usually, a Hindu priest will perform a ceremony inviting the spirit to make its home in the spirit house. At this time, offering are made such as a pig’s head, fruit, rice wrapped in banana leaves and a coconut. The spirit houses often contain figures and small animal statues, especially statues of elephants.

Daily maintenance of the spirit house is an important ritual. Each day fresh candles, garlands of flowers and incense are placed inside, as well as gifts of food and drink. Traditionally, the food and drink would be small parcels of rice and meat, water and tea, but today almost anything can be offered, even brightly-coloured bottles of Fanta. Spotting spirit houses is one of the most unusual things to do in Thailand and you are sure to come across a large collection when you take Bangkok day tours. 

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As a Startup Specialist and the founder of Aditya Group, Thailand, Ande Aditya is often hired as a Business Advisor to assist business owners to execute their vision.

17 Industries | 22 Startups | 6 Countries | 12 Awards

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